Thursday, 18 August 2011

The Magic Touch of Golden Hands - Handicrafts of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state where the skills of art and craft is worshiped as gods and passed on from one generation to another. It is the land of art and artisans. The state has patronized art forms since the days of Moguls. Nawabs of Awadh and other nobles later carried the tradition forward. This is the primary reason why from Varanasi to Agra, every small or big town is famous for some or other craft in Uttar Pradesh.

The arts and crafts of Uttar Pradesh are not famous only in India but all over the world. Right from the silken saris to the earthen pottery, carpets weaving to chikankari embroidery, the hands of the legendary artisans and the master craftsmen have the magic to turn the ravage into gold. The silken touch with the masterly style produces the best sketches, designs, patterns and structure that are unique in their own nature captivating the hearts of every one who looks at them. Each region of U.P. deals with some specific art or craft.

Art Metal Brass Ware

Moradabad produces large quantities of art metal ware. It is especially famous for its colour enameling and intricate engraving. There are two types of engravings one is called nakshi that is done on the tinned surface while other is known as khudai and is done on lac coated unpolished brass. The pointed steel pencil is used to make design in khudai type. The metal brass ware consists of the traditional vases, Ganeshas, laughing Buddhas, stools, trays and contemporary beautiful bowls. The Natraja is the most beautiful article in the brass ware to be gifted and kept as a decorative item.

Glass Ware

Firozbad has become synonymous with glassware. Earlier only glass bangles where produced but with the help of sophisticated machines now  various glassware articles are produced. The entire population is involved in this industry. Varanasi specializes in making glass beads and exports most of these.

Similarly, thin glass plates are produced, which, after cutting into pieces called Tikklu are used by women to decorate their fabrics. In Saharanpur, intriguing glass toys filled with coloured liquid called Rachkora and the mouth piece of hukka are produced. The glass bangles with multitude of colours matching with every dress is a most used ornament in the state.

Pottery
 
Khurja has evolved its own style in the earthenware. By adding colour to the dull and unattractive pottery khurja gave a lease of life to it. The shades and the designs in contrast to its background can attract the attention of any person having aesthetic sense. Apart from Khurja , Rampur Surahis along with the water containers from Meerut and Hapur are famous all around the nation for their shapes , designs, colours and their ability to keep the water cold even during the harsh summer days. Its attractiveness calls every one.

Embroidery- Chikankari  
 
The delicate art of embroidery has its origin in the city of Nawabs. Its name has been derived from the Persian word 'chikan' meaning cloth wrought by needlework. Chikankari is done on fabrics like chiffon, organza, doruya, organdie, muslin, and silk to produce beautiful sarees and salwar kameez. The chikan sarees and salwar kameez are not only fascinating to look at, but are comfortable to wear during the summer months.

Embroidery-Zardozi

The craft of zardozi or silver and gold embroidery was brought into India by Delhi's Turko-Afghan sultans in the 12th century. Down the ages, the craft became equally popular with the wealthy Hindu, Muslim, and European classes. Today several  families in Varanasi, Agra, Lucknow, Rampur, Bareilly, and Farrukhabad, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, have revived this old craft to supply exquisite zari embroidered bridal outfits and salwar kameezes to boutiques round the country and abroad.


Marble and Soft Stone craft

The hub of the stone craft in india is Agra and the best example of which is Taj Mahal. The art of carving the thin marble slabs to make the fine lattice windows is the most difficult for the craftsmen. The other marble products available in agra are mirror frames with lace like fringes, fretwork balustrades, bowls, garden furniture, etc. The another specialty of the Agra is the inlay work on marble with the colorful and precious stones to form a multitude of mosaics.            




 Carpets

The carpets manufactured at Bhadoi, Shahjahanpur and Mirzapur comes after the Persian and Arabian carpets The majority of population in these areas are affiliated with the profession of carpet weaving. With the exotic designs of flora and fauna, the industry has succeeded in attracting not only the national market but international market as well.  

Other Handicrafts

There are various other Handicrafts items for which Uttar Pradesh is known all over India as well as abroad such as wooden furniture and decoratives which have given a new dimension to home furnishing. Saharanpur and Nagina are two important centres. Kanpur and Agra are internationally known for its leather crafts, shoes and other items. The hand printed items of Farrukhabad are also famous and a craze among the Europeans .The printings are mostly done in two patterns namely Polka Dots and Tree of Wisdom.

Export of handicrafts
 

India is one of the important suppliers of handicrafts to the world market which is largely due to handicrafts of Uttar Pradesh. The state has 45% share in total exports.

 
<>                                                                     (Rs. in crores)<><>

Year

Handicrafts export of India

Handicrafts export of  U. P.

% Share of UP   in total export

2008-09

8183.12

3630.00

44.90

2009-10

8718.94

3923.00

45.00

2010-11

10533.96

4723.00

44.84

                                                                                                   (Source : Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts)
 
Handicrafts is a labour intensive industry with high potential of employment for poorer section of the society in rural areas. Its is economically important because of low capital investment, high value addition and negligible import content and high potential for export earnings, as such,  the Govt. is providing a lot of Institutional support for promotion of sales/export of Handicrafts.


R. B.  Verma,

Dy. Sr. Manager

11 comments:

  1. Handicraft is a Preserved Hertitage of Uttar Pradesh which also has the world's largest pool of Artisans.

    The products produced have a history & each is a uniquely hand crafted peice of ART with modern comtempary design to suit all tastes , cultures at very affordable prices.

    Come & Expore the facination of owning a Hertitage Handcrafted piece of ART from Uttar Pradesh.

    M N LARI
    LUCKNOW

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  2. interesting post. Now you can use this business to business directory to promote marble & granite supplies import & export business.

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  3. Great source of knowledge on Handicraft products of uttar pradesh, really amazing products had been shown on this blog

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  4. Nice info. The UP govt should advertise these info so that UP may be known for its contribution to India's GDP rather than just skilled migrant workers.

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  5. very nice collections of handicrafts, I am from Hastakala
    Hastakala is a global platform of connecting handicrafts or hastakala makers, handicrafts manufacturers, handicrafts exporters and handicrafts buyers. Hastakala is a webpage of connecting handicrafts designers and handicrafts learners to share their details and artwork with each other.

    Submit your handicrafts or hastakala with full details like your handicraft art making pictures by step by step, your handicraft art making videos, your handicraft full details, raw materials used to make your handicraft or hastakala and your contact details to hastakalalu@gmail.com, we will display your handicraft or hastakala.

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  6. Nice blog and so informative thank you for sharing us.

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  7. Handmade products have their own importance, as people use them to decorate their place with unique things. You have shared an interesting post on Indian handicraft, just keep going.

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  8. I have never seen this kind of handicraft work and I believe you didn't also see that marble products which is seeing by below blog.

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  9. Amazing post. Great ideas,Keep Posting. Really incredible handicrafts. Thanks for sharing it.

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  10. Handicraft of India define our rich cultures. Well defined blog with description of handicraft products such as glassware, brass ware, chikankari products, carpets, marble craft etc. Thanks for sharing.
    Handmade Products in Lucknow | Buy Online Chikankari

    ReplyDelete